how to clean a german shepherds ears

As people who own pets, we are aware that one of the most crucial aspects of taking care of our dogs is keeping their ears clean. Cleaning those ears, however, can be difficult if our dogs aren’t conditioned to tolerate ear cleaning or if we don’t feel comfortable performing the task ourselves. While the ears of some dogs are naturally healthy and clean, the ears of other dogs need to be cleaned on a more regular basis to prevent the buildup of dirt, which can lead to ear infections. Some dogs don’t need their ears cleaned at all, while others have to have their ears cleaned almost constantly. Although the likelihood of ear infections is higher in certain dog breeds, such as Basset Hounds and Cocker Spaniels, dogs of any breed are capable of developing the condition.You should make it a habit to examine your dog’s ears on a regular basis to determine the state of his or her hearing. When your dog’s ears are in good health, he probably enjoys having his ears rubbed, but if he pulls away from you, it’s possible that his ears are uncomfortable. Therefore, you may begin to evaluate their state by giving your dog a light massage behind the ears.

What Is the Best Way to Clean A German Shepherd’s Unique Ears?

Do you require assistance with cleaning the ears of your German Shepherd? How can you incorporate the cleaning of your dog’s ears into her regular grooming practice so that it becomes a habit?

How do you go about cleaning your pet’s ears? Do you use a baby wipe and proceed with extreme caution?

After all, if you accidentally damage your dog, you run the risk of losing her trust for the rest of her life, or even worse, you could rupture her eardrum.

The process of cleaning the ears of your German Shepherd does not have to be difficult.

If you are familiar with the structure of your dog’s ears and know what signs to look for that could point to a problem, the process will be much easier.

Whether you are performing a necessary cleaning by using gentle swabbing or a deep cleaning by using a medicated solution will determine the approach that you take going forward.

How to Tell When a Dog’s Ears Need Cleaning

Check to see if your dog really does require an ear cleaning before you go and get the dog ear cleaner out of the cabinet. Be familiar with the appearance of a healthy, clean ear (pink, odorless, and not dirty or inflamed) and the scent of a healthy, clean ear (not yeasty or stinky), and clean it only when you notice a change in the condition of your dog’s ears. Overcleaning your dog’s ears can lead to infection and irritation, so it is important to avoid doing this.

Ear cleanings may not be necessary for some dogs, such as those that are genetically prone to ear infections or dogs that spend a lot of time in the water. However, cleanings may be necessary on a more regular basis for other dogs. The Ear Canals should be kept dry and properly ventilated by applying topical astringents in dogs that swim frequently and by keeping water from entering the ear canals while the dog is being bathed, according to the Merck Veterinary Manual. This can be accomplished by preventing water from entering the ear canals during washing.

It is usually time to clean the litter box if you have detected a faint stench or seen that your dog is shaking his head more frequently than usual. In addition, you should get in touch with your veterinarian if your dog’s ear appears to be red and inflamed, smells yeasty, or he seems to be in discomfort. It is important to get medical assistance if you experience these symptoms because they may point to an ear infection, fleas, ear mites, or allergies. Cleaning an infected ear can frequently make the infection worse rather than better.

How do you properly clean your German Shepherd’s ears?

Even while it is unlikely that you may puncture your dog’s eardrum when cleaning its ears, you still run the risk of giving it an ear infection if you do not employ proper technique.

If you force cotton into the canal or use lengthy Q tips, you run the risk of causing damage to your eardrum, which is not unheard of.

What are dog ear-cleaning steps?

1. Prepare the environment – Secure your pet. You can use the bathtub as the cleaning station for your Shepherd’s ears.

Some people find it easier to groom themselves when sitting on an elevated surface, such as a grooming table. In the event that this is not possible, a location specifically set aside for special processes should do the trick.

2. Gather your supplies. You will need cotton balls or cosmetic pads, as well as a cleaning solution designed specifically for ear cleaning. Towels are in handy when one needs to shake their head.

3. Confine your dog – In the majority of instances, a leash will be sufficient to capture the attention of your Shepherd. If sitting or lying down may assist, have him do that.

4. With your forefinger and thumb, firmly but gently grasp the portion of your dog’s ear that is located in the centre, and then lift the ear slightly.

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5. Pour ear cleaning solution into the ear canal until it is completely full.Apply a light massaging motion on the ear base. The squishing sound that you hear is very normal.

If you are going to be utilizing a medicinal solution, you need to make sure that the suspension is left in place for at least five to ten minutes, if at all possible.

6. Remove the bandage from your dog’s ear and let him shake his head to remove any extra liquid.

7. Clean the visible hole and flap of the inner ear, removing any debris that is apparent as well as any excess liquid that is present. Use a cotton ball instead of a cotton swab because cotton swabs can be unpleasant and tissue paper can tear easily.

8. If it seems as though there is still wax or dirt buildup, you should repeat the rinsing process.

9. If you want to get something else inside your ear canal, don’t use Q-tips or anything else. These should only be used by trained specialists because they have the ability to push wax and dirt further into the ear canal.

If your dog’s ears are only somewhat unclean, you can use small Q-tips to carefully clean the visible surfaces of their ears.

10. If you see anything out of the ordinary, such as discharge, swelling, redness, or signs of pain, make an appointment to take your pet to the veterinarian as soon as possible.

If you clean your dog’s ears on a regular basis, it is typical for there to be a slight buildup of wax as well as some dirt.

This video has a dual purpose. It provides some pointers on how to ease your dog into having her ears cleaned from an early age.

We hope that your German Shepherd won’t be as resistant as he was before, but even if he is, he should notice the frequent petting, the patient advancement through the steps, and the calming voice.

These techniques can also be used in situations where the ears are not being cleaned, such as when you are caressing your pet and accidentally touch the ear canal.

In addition, the movie demonstrates an approach to cleaning your dog’s ears in situations in which the ears require little attention or in which your pet is protective of them.

There will be some instances in which you will not be able to inject a cleaning solution into your German Shepherd’s ears.

You also have the option of enlisting the assistance of a groomer, a veterinarian, or even a trainer.

After having your ears cleaned, you should use any necessary medications or drops, unless you have been directed differently. Some drops perform better if ear wax or debris is present.

How often should you clean your German Shepherd’s ears?

When you are bathing or grooming your Shepherd, it is imperative that you never forget about her ears.

If you wash your dog once every two weeks, on the other hand, you won’t need to clean his ears as frequently as you may think.

In spite of this, you should make use of the opportunity to check for any difficulties.

Cleaning their ears once every four to six weeks should be sufficient for German Shepherds with standard ears who do not suffer from allergies or persistent inflammation.

You can clean your dog’s ears with any ear cleaner designed for dogs, but if you have any questions, visit your veterinarian.

According to the AKC, the paradox is that excessive ear cleaning might promote illness since it may create inflammation, alter the pH level of the inner ear, and disrupt beneficial flora. All of these factors can contribute to the spread of infection.

Additionally, there may be complications if you use a remedy that was not designed specifically for canines. The appropriate frequency of ear cleaning for your dog can be determined with the assistance of your veterinarian.

How do you accustom your dog to cleaning his ears?

Train your dog from an early age to be comfortable with having his ears handled. You should take advantage of the fact that the majority of dogs like having their ears petted.

While you are caressing the ears and talking in a calming tone, you should also occasionally rub the inside of the flaps.

Additionally, you should grip the pinnae occasionally and run your thumb across the aperture of the external auditory canal.

Treats or a chance to play should be given to those who cooperate. Touching your Shepherd’s ears is an important part of grooming and bathing her.

Train your Alsatian to expect that you will need to inspect her ears whenever she takes a bath, even if you aren’t planning on cleaning her ears.

What solutions can you use to clean your dog’s ears?

The majority of German Shepherds would benefit from having their ears cleaned using a simple treatment.

Before putting alcohol or hydrogen peroxide in your dog’s ears, you should get the advice of a qualified medical specialist.

If your dog has any invisible sores, alcohol can be extremely drying and irritating, and it might even be painful for them.

Hydrogen peroxide is an irritant, particularly when it is at maximum concentration, despite the fact that it has antibacterial qualities.

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When it comes to the general cleaning of your dog’s ears, we advise staying away from alcohol and hydrogen peroxide.

You can make your own home medicines by combining different solutions of apple cider vinegar with other essential oils, such as tree tea oil.

In order to acquire the appropriate concentrations and address any safety issues surrounding the method of cleaning German Shepherd ears, it is best to seek the advice of your family veterinarian.

Maintaining a pH that is properly balanced is critical to the health of the inner ear.

What should you know about your German Shepherd’s ear structure?

How does the pinna factor in?

The whole-dog-journal states that a dog’s ears are composed of four different pieces, which is very comparable to the way that human ears are structured. The flap or the pinna is the primary distinction between the two.

The visible portion of the ear known as the pinna is referred to in this context. It conveys the feelings that an animal is experiencing as well as the focus of his attention.

The German Shepherd’s naturally erect ear flaps, each of which has a large opening, are a gift from Mother Nature.

The ears of a Shepherd are able to move independently of one another, and more importantly, the exposed canal reduces some of the problems that are typically seen in dogs with floppy ears, such as Cocker Spaniels.

If your German Shepherd has typically erect ears, she will benefit from great airflow via the outer canal, which will make it easier for her to maintain a dry environment.

You are aware that conditions that are warm and moist are optimal for the growth of bacteria and yeast.

Shepherd puppies are born with ears that are either folded over or folded over and floppy. By the time these puppies are eight months old, you will notice that the majority of their ears have grown out.

On the other hand, between 18 and 20 percent of German Shepherds have ears that are either lax or weak. Either one or both of the ears will never fully rise.

It has been suggested by a number of different authorities, including the Pet Health Network, that these dogs may be more predisposed to developing ear infections than dogs whose ears do not lop.

What ear structures are beyond the pinnae?

Your dog has an external ear canal that is long and in the shape of an L.

The first part of the leash is going to go in a downward angle as you observe your dog from above. As it continues through the components of the inner ear, it eventually comes to a steep angle.

The horizontal portion of your dog’s ear canal is the reason why it is essential to clean your dog’s ears. Wax can accumulate in this area, and you can assist your dog in expelling waste and removing it.

It is quite improbable that you may damage the eardrum while cleaning your dog’s ears due to the anatomy and length of the ear canal. However, you still need to be cautious when selecting the cleaning products you will use.

The eardrum, also known as the tympanic membrane, is a thin barrier that can be found between the external auditory canal and the middle ear. It does it by amplifying the sounds and vibrations that are coming in.

An infection in the middle ear is frequently accompanied with a tear or hole in the eardrum.

The stapes, incus, and anvil are three very small bones that are located in the middle ear and are responsible for the transmission of sound.

Through the vestibular fluid and the cochlea, respectively, the inner ear is accountable for both hearing and maintaining balance in the body.

Infections that start in the middle ear can spread to the inner ear.

Ear infections that damage the outer, middle, and inner ear of your pet are very harmful, but your pet’s auditory health can also be negatively impacted by other disorders.

What problems can affect your German Shepherd’s ears?

There are a few different types of issues that might affect a dog’s ears.

Infections are typically the first thing that comes to mind, but it is important to rule out other potential causes as well, such as vestibular disease, cancer, and parasites.

For instance, tumors are capable of developing in the middle ear.

Some veterinarians and the American Kennel Club (AKC) have shown that 75–80 percent of dogs with food sensitivities and up to 50 percent of dogs with touch hypersensitivity will show signs of their allergies in the form of ear issues.

What are the most common causes of canine ear infections?


In general, German Shepherds do not suffer from allergies, but they are susceptible to sensitivity to both food and the environment.

White Shepherds appear to be more prone to immune system disorders, allergies, and ear problems that are comparable to those conditions.

Ear mites

These are very little parasites, and the most typical hosts are young pups and dogs that live with infected cats. A simple microscopic examination of an ear debris smear can quickly and accurately diagnose them for your veterinary practitioner.


According to Hemopet, Malassezia pachydermatitis and Candida are two prevalent yeasts that naturally inhabit the skin and ears of dogs. Both of these yeasts can cause ear and skin infections.

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In the event that these organisms get enlarged, as is the case with allergies and other conditions that compromise the immune system, your Shepherd will exhibit signs of illness.


Ear infections can be caused by a wide variety of pathogens, which are another word for microorganisms that cause disease.

A diagnosis of resistant cases must always include an ear culture. This is because resistant cases are sometimes categorised according to whether or not they take up Gram stain.

A community of beneficial bacteria can be found in the ear, much like on the skin and in the digestive tract.

When the balance of these organisms is upset, it creates an environment that is favorable for the growth of pathogenic fungus, yeast, or bacteria.

We did not discuss hair because it is not an issue for the vast majority of GSDs. There is a possibility that Poodles and dogs of other breeds have hair that grows all the way down into the outer ear canal.

This hair is removed by the groomers when they cut the animal. It is possible that you will need to cut the hair around the aperture of each ear if you have a long-haired German Shepherd.

Gram-negative bacteria such as Pseudomonas, as stated by Veterinary Partner Vin, are notoriously difficult to treat, and this difficulty will only increase in the absence of an accurate diagnosis and the appropriate prescription.

An otoscopic exam, an inspection of ear debris under a microscope, allergy testing, cultures to identify bacterial species, and bloodwork to rule out underlying disorders are all necessary components of the diagnostic process for ear infections.

What are signs that your Shepherd has an ear problem?

Your German Shepherd’s ears are among the most sensitive parts of a dog’s body, therefore it is unlikely that she will be able to conceal her suffering. It’s possible that the symptoms of ear issues will seem extreme to you.

There are a few classic symptoms that are associated with having an ear infection, as stated by WebMD.

  • Shaking of the head
  • Tilt your head
  • Discoloration of the external auditory canal as well as the inside of the pinnae
  • Scratching the head or rubbing the top of the head are common nervous behaviors.
  • Hair loss in patches or hair that is matted behind the ears is a common indication that your dog has been scratching. Some Shepherds have long tufts of hair around the ears that are prone to matting. These tufts can be found on some Shepherds.
  • Both bacteria and yeast have a characteristic odor, which may be detected by the human sense of smell.
  • Your dog has all of a sudden started refusing to let you wipe his ears – Put the blame on the hurt.
  • Any discharge should be considered abnormal – The discharge may be blood-tinged, brown, black, white, or yellow. It may also be white.
  • Nystagmus is an irregular movement of the eyes that gives the appearance of the eyes moving from side to side or jerking up and down. This condition can be quite disconcerting. These patterns may also point to vestibular sickness or an issue in the brain’s location.
  • Inflammation and infection are two conditions that might cause swelling as a symptom. A hematoma is yet another condition, and one that is more frequently seen in dogs with floppy ears. When someone shakes their head too vigorously, they may occasionally cause a pocket to form between the two layers of skin in the ear flap. This pocket will be filled with blood.

Proper Cleaning Supports Strong Ear Cartilage

It is my hope that at this point in the text, you are already familiar with the numerous advantages that routine ear cleaning for your GSD offers.

But there is actually a benefit that comes with thorough ear cleaning that is less well known:

reducing the likelihood that your German Shepherd will damage the ear cartilage in their ears.

It is especially easy for German Shepherd Dog puppies to sustain ear injuries because their ears are not yet fully matured when they are still young.

This may take place as a result of rough play with other dogs, frequent scratching, or ear infections. Other causes include extreme itching.

It is possible for German Shepherds to have floppy ears as a consequence of this trait, as opposed to the more traditional fully erect ears.

But keep in mind that if you don’t clean your German Shepherd’s ears properly, you could end up hurting the cartilage and other components of their ears.

Before cleaning this delicate region of their body, it is imperative that you first conduct some research on the subject.

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